DOT Physicals

Why is the DOT physical examination important?

The FMCSA physical examination is required to help ensure that a person is medically qualified to safely operate a CMV. In the interest of public safety, CMV drivers are held to higher physical, mental and emotional standards than passenger car drivers.

DOT physicals requirements:

  • Vision: Include required vision acuity of at least 20/40 in each eye with or without correction. With at least 70” peripheral in the horizontal meridian, measured in each eye.
  • Hearing: Drivers must perceive what is known as a forced whisper at a distance of no more than 5 feet, with or without hearing aids. The best ear must have no less than 40 dB.
  • Blood pressure/pulse rate: This will be taken to look for signs of high blood pressure or irregular heartbeat.
  • Urinalysis: Looking for underlying medical conditions such as diabetes.
Bring the following information:
  1. Complete list of all your medications and dosage as well as the doctor’s names and addresses
  2. Vision aids if you have been prescribed glasses or contacts
  3. Hearing aids if prescribed
  4. Diabetics must have their most recent lab workroom Hemoglobin A1C (HgA1C) and blood sugar logs.
  5. If you have heart related medical problems, bring cardiology reports outlining your medical history, current medications and documentation you are found eligible to work.

Physical Examination:

  • Eyes
  • Ears
  • Mouth and throat
  • Heart and vascular
  • Lungs and chest
  • Abdomen
  • Extremities
  • Spine and musuloskeletal
  • Neurological

In accordance with FMCSA regulations, a DOT physical examination must be conducted by a licensed medical examiner listed on the FMCSA National Registry.