Why is the DOT physical examination important?
The FMCSA physical examination is required to help ensure that a person is medically qualified to safely operate a CMV. In the interest of public safety, CMV drivers are held to higher physical, mental and emotional standards than passenger car drivers.
DOT physicals requirements:
- Vision: Include required vision acuity of at least 20/40 in each eye with or without correction. With at least 70” peripheral in the horizontal meridian, measured in each eye.
- Hearing: Drivers must perceive what is known as a forced whisper at a distance of no more than 5 feet, with or without hearing aids. The best ear must have no less than 40 dB.
- Blood pressure/pulse rate: This will be taken to look for signs of high blood pressure or irregular heartbeat.
- Urinalysis: Looking for underlying medical conditions such as diabetes.
Bring the following information:
- Complete list of all your medications and dosage as well as the doctor’s names and addresses
- Vision aids if you have been prescribed glasses or contacts
- Hearing aids if prescribed
- Diabetics must have their most recent lab workroom Hemoglobin A1C (HgA1C) and blood sugar logs.
- If you have heart related medical problems, bring cardiology reports outlining your medical history, current medications and documentation you are found eligible to work.
- Mouth and throat
- Heart and vascular
- Lungs and chest
- Spine and musuloskeletal
In accordance with FMCSA regulations, a DOT physical examination must be conducted by a licensed medical examiner listed on the FMCSA National Registry.